Know more about Hazarduari

Hazarduari is located on the bank of Bhagirathi in Lalbagh in Murshidabad district of West Bengal. The palace dates back to nineteenth century. The word "Hazarduari" means one thousand doors, which includes both true and false doors.

BASIC INFORMATIONS

ESTABLISHMENT DETAIL
The palace was constructed by Duncan Macleod in 1837 on the orders of Sayyid Mubarak Ali Khan II, popularly known as Humayun Jah (reign: 1824 - 1838) at the site of the old fort known as Nizamat Quila.

The foundation stone of the palace was laid on 9 August 1829, and that very day the construction work was started & completed in December, 1837
DIMENSIONS
Height : 80 ft (approx)
Length : 130 meters (approx)
Breadth : 61 meters (approx)
Number of Floor : 3
Number of Rooms : 114
Number of Stairs steps : 37
Pillers Height : 18 ft
ARCHITECTURAL STYLE
Italian-style palace built in the 19th century and Greek (Doric) style.The palace is built in the Italian and Greek styles of architecture and has three storeys. It has gates grand enough for an elephant to pass with a Mahout sitting on it.
BEST TIME TO VISIT
The best time to visit Hazarduari Palace is between October and March as the weather is pleasant to explore the region. Don't visit on Friday as it remain close on friday. It will take 2 hours plus time to explore the whole museum if you are interested in history & historical items.
TIPS FOR TOURIST
Don't think about parking facility. All type car, bike, bi-cycle parking facility is available here with effortable cost.
Photography & Mobile phone is not allowed inside the premises, but you can take pictures outside of palace. You can put your luggage, mobile phone in baggage counter with good quality service.
No pet allowed inside the museum, No wheel chair faccility is there. No fooding inside the museum, Museum is fully no smoking zone.
You can take tourist guide with a minimum cost & enjoy every language.
Entry ticket price is For Indian Rs. 25/- only & for foreigner Rs. 100/- only, no entry ticket below 5 years
Carry water bottle for museum to keep yourself hydrated ,It will help you when you became thirsty. package drinking water is available in beside palace market.

HAZARDUARI MUSEUM GALLERY DETAILS

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) undertakes this Palace and exhibits the collection of Nawabs, which comprises weapons, rare arts, bronze and marble statues, costly jewelry, palanquins and carriages, objects of gold, ceramic vases, wooden furniture, cut-glass chandeliers, wonderful copies of the Koran, belonging mostly to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.There are only two floor open to visit; the ground floor has Toshakhana, the Armoury, and record rooms, and the first floor has the Durbar Hall, banqueting hall, drawing room, sitting rooms and billiard room. The second floor has the Library, rare art collections, in addition to a lot of other equipments, but visitors are not permitted to go into the Library, except special authorization. The collection of Korans in this library is unique over India. Accordingly, Hazarduari Palace with its gorgeous feature, unique architecture and collections is the focal attraction for tourist to visit historical Murshidabad.

Gallery no. 1 & 2
Armoury wing A & B

This gallery is rich in technical skills and is used to display the various weapons like knives, guns, pistols, revolvers, cannons, lances, spears, shields, bows, arrows, rifles and so on. Some weapons which need special attention are the Jamadhara and a bifurcated sword known as Zulfikar. Both of them are associated with Mir Qasim. Some of the other most important artifacts are the swords of Alivardi Khan, Siraj ud-Daulah and so on. The dagger by which Muhammad i-Beg killed Siraj ud-Daulah can also be seen here. The magic mirrors (excellence of science) are kept just outside the gallery on the landing area of the staircase which leads to the upper floors. A huge cannon known as the Dutch cannon can be seen here which was given to Alivardi Khan by the Dutch Government in 1745. It is generally known as the Mir madan Cannon. Mir Madan was a trusted lieutenant of Siraj ud-Daulah who died in the Battle of Plassey in 1757 due to the bursting of this cannon.

Gallery no. 3
Gallery of Royal Exhibits

It houses several paintings and objects of silver and gold and several statues each of historical, political and religious importance. The gallery has been divided into three parts such as the Suthest Royal Exhibits which houses and exhibits huge oil paintings of the Nawabs such as the painting of Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah by Hutchinson and that of Nawab nazim Feradun Jah by B. Hudson. One of the most renowned objects is an ivory palanquin used by Zebunissa, the daughter of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb (1658–1707 AD).

Gallery no. 4
Landscape Gallery

It has paintings of several landscapes. It has replicas of the Statue of Liberty, bronze statues of knights, and famous paintings like the Scotch Warrior by G. Campbell, Scene of Thirty Years of War by Jorgenson, and so on.

Gallery no. 5
British Portrait Gallery

This gallery exhibits some master pieces of British portraits which include the busts of the Governor-General of India and agents of the East India Company like Lord Cornwallis, Lord William Bentinck, A. Thompson and so on, all of them by Hudson except that of Mr. Caulifield by Hutchinson. Several arrays of vases displayed, giving a taste of rich European ceramic. They can be found in several colours and varieties and are a thing to adore.

Gallery no. 6
Nawab Nazim Gallery

As the name suggests it exhibits portraits portraying the Nawabs of Murshidabad. It also has several brass objects like spouted water pot, ornamental flower vase & wine jar etc are also on display.

Gallery no. 7
Durbar Hal

It is the center attraction of the palace cum museum. It is circular in plan and has four doors at the cardinal points, some of which-as mentioned above-are fake. The Durbar also has a vaulted roof with the crystal chandelier (it is the second largest in the world after the one at the Buckingham Palace) hung from the ceiling. It was presented to the Nawab by Queen Victoria. Earlier when there was no electricity the chandelier was lit by 1001 candles; at present it is lit by 96 bulbs. In addition, one can see the royal silver throne which was used by the Nawabs to sit, a Durbari Hookah, marble candle stands, all of them witnesses of the British Colonial Rule.

Gallery no. 8
Committee Room

The left side room of the Durbar hall is the committee room which also displays some valuable objects. On its southern side the silver throne of Nawab Nazim Feradun Jah (1838-1881 AD) is placed on a silver Chouki (tool). On its back at top a large oil painting showing Feradun Jah in the company of high administrative personnel can be seen. The beautifully decoratied ivory sofa is noteworthy. Some oil paintings of the Nawabs are also displayed here.

Gallery no. 9
Billiards Room

The Billiard Room deserves the attention for the magnificent display of two Billiard tables with their accessories and different sitting arrangements besides the two marble chess boards in pietra-dura and the four remarkable paintings. These paintings depict the portrait of "Colonel Duncan McLeod" (architect of this palace) By Hutchinson, "Marquis of Spinola" By Vandyke (1599 - 1641 AD), "The Rival" By Snyders Frans (1579 - 1657 AD) and a superb composition of "French Landscape" By Courbet.

Gallery no. 10
Portrait gallery of the Dewans and Nazirs

The display of this gallery is based on paintings, porcelain vase, glass vase, wooden furniture, chandelier etc. This gallery displays portraits of the Dewans of the Nawabs. Dewans were the ministers of the Nawabs and also the revenue collectors. Nazirs were subordinate officials.

Gallery no. 11
Prince Portrait Gallery

This gallery displays paintings from the Nawabs' family album portraying the infancy and various other moods of the Nawabs. There are also several marble statues, cut-glass melons, vases, metal horses, porcelain bear and so on. From a family album of the Nawab's these galleries exhibits some remarkable paintings to speak of their infancy and various other moods. These includes the portraits of Mir Jafar (1757-60 AD and 1763-65 AD) and his son Miran, Nawab Hassan Ali Mirza (1881-1906 AD) and Hussain Ali Mirza, together, or accompanied by their sister Wahid-unnisa Begum by Hudson and Wasef Ali Mirza.

Gallery no. 12
Western Drawing Room

The western drawing room is vibrant with grandeur of western carpet, different sitting arrangements, luxurious sofas, decorative lamps, Ceramics, various clock items including the display of a piano and a barometer besides the large canvas painting of King William IV,Lord Wellesly, Sir Herber Moddok and a small super composition of "Katrine" by Wolic.

Gallery no. 13
Archive Gallery

This gallery has several archives of the Nawabs' rule and also on the palace. It also has several letters, farmans (royal orders), documents, manuscripts in Arabian and Persian and so on, as Persian was the official language of the Nawabs and the Mughals. These documents also speak about the administrative power of the Nawabs. Letters like those written by Lord Minto, written to Lord Hastings and a royal order by Mughal emperor Shah Alam II can be seen here. It also has several valuable and old manuscripts written in Urdu and Persian, the most prized possession being the Ain-i-Akbari written by Abul Fazal. At the end of each page of the manuscript, ornamental works with the smallest brush and pen are visible on the corners of the pages. It also has a library known as the Nizamat Library which has books, the books kept number around 12,000. Most of them are written in English, Urdu and Persian.

Gallery no. 14 & 15
Periodical Gallery I and II

These two galleries are used to periodically display several objects used and brought or made during reign of several Nawabs. These include Humayun Jah's collectio of rare dining plates, there are also some green plate which were shattered if poisoned food was served; others include several landscape oil paintings, an ornamental silver dressing table, floral and geometric motifs and so on.

Gallery no. 16
Central Landing

It exhibits several oil paintings. One artifact which deserves special attention is a silver trowel with an ivory handle used by Humayun Jah to lay the foundation stone of the building. One of the historically important oil painting by J.N. Roy represents Robert Clive receiving Dewani of Bengal from Shah Allam II in 1765. Oil paintings of a group of Nawabs of Oudh, Katra Mosque by Girija Shankar, Eid-procession in front of Chowk Masjid by J.N. Roy are also displayed.

Gallery no. 17
North-east Landing First Floor

A plethora of objects are displayed in this gallery among which some oil paintings like 'Flora' after Titan deserve special mention. A beautiful statue of a European lady is the most renowned here in this gallery.

Gallery no. 18
North-west Landing First Floor

As gallery number 17 it also exhibits several paintings like the Swiss Landscape, City of Venice and so on, displayed along with some stone objects, mirrors and chandelier.

Gallery no. 19
Painting Gallery

As the name suggests it exhibits several paintings like the Holy Family by Franceso Renaldi, Cleopatra Cinderella by T. Younlery. It exhibits several objects used for religious purposes, like in Muharram and Eid, a religious banner with Arabic inscriptions from the Quran and so on. Others include a Chob (lion mask), zaman-alams from the period of Feradun Jah and Humayun Jah, silver inscribed panjas and so on. A needle work on carpet portraying seated Queen Victoria along with two babies and a litho print ofHumayun Manzil (another palace of Humayun Jah) are also interesting.

Gallery no. 20
Religious objects Gallery

Most of the displayed objects were used in the religious purposes of Muharram and Id festival and some were household objects. Important objects on display include a silver helmet (1254 AH) of Nawab Nazim Feradun Jah (1838-1881 AD), silver waist belt and silver tea set of Nawab Wasef Ali Mirza (1906-1959 AD), decorated religious banner with Arabic inscription of Quran, pankha with silver handle of Lutf-un-nisa Begum, Haideri-alam with the Arabic inscription 'Bismilla', five zamana-alams in silver of the period of Nawab Feradun Jah, inscribed silver Panja, silver Chob (lion mask) and two numbers zamana-alams in silver belonging to the period of Nawab Humayun Jah.